Articles of Interest

Maintaining State In ColdFusion

This presentation was originally developed for the Southern California ColdFusion User Group (sccfug) and was first

>> Learn More

The ColdFusion 5 Web Application Construction Kit

This is the fourth edition of what people commonly refer to as "the ColdFusion bible".

Leon wrote four of the advanced chapters in this book, during the late winter

>> Learn More


We provide services that span the entire range of the system development life cycle. We provide:

- Business and system requirements analysis and review
- System design, development and implementation
- Customized training programs for end users
- Software systems maintenance services

e-Business Solutions

>> Learn More

Web application / intranet / extranet development

Since 1997, our practice has been focused on developing custom web applications. These have ranged from simple, on-line brochures to complex e-commerce applications. We have focused on use of Adobe's ColdFusion since it's first release in 1995. We have subseuently built a wide variety of solutions that employ a variety of Internet technologies including:

- Human Resource/Personnel/Administrative systems
- Time and billing systems
- Case management systems
- Content management systems
- Permitting systems
- Sales/ordering systems
- Decision support systems
- Forecasting/Scheduling systems
- Help desk applications
- Systems maintenance/software delivery systems

In this practice, the tools we specialize in include:

- Adobe's ColdFusion
- Apache's Flex
- Microsoft SQL Server
- Oracle

Web site development

Clients that creating a new web sites or enhancing existing sites may require assistance from an objective party with regards to establishing goals and strategies for their web site. We have the objectivity, the understanding of the Internet and skills to assist in this planning process. We also provide web site hosting services for select consuling clients when requested and there's a good fit. Moreover, we can help clients devise the mechanisms that they may need to track the success of their site.

Back Office Solutions

>> Learn More

We have over a decade of experience developing and supporting back office systems for a variety of clients in different industries. We have built a variety of solutions:

- Inventory systems
- Sales/ordering systems
- Time and billing systems
- Decision support systems
- Human resources systems
- Mortgage banking systems
- Portfolio management systems

In this practice, the tools we specialize in include:

- Microsoft SQL Server
- Oracle
- Microsoft Access
- Paradox
- Microsoft Visual Basic


We're happy to provide hosting services for select consulting clients (i.e., clients for whom we are doing development work). Over the years a number of clients have asked us to host applications and sites that we've developed for them. While hosting websites is not the focus of our business, it is a service that we feel obliged to provide for clients who request it as they are unable to find satisfactory hosting firms elsewhere.

Pricing and Rates

Our rates and terms will be competive with companies providing similar services (e.g., use of ColdFusion, SQL Server, highly responsive technical support, SSL, secured FTP accounts, email, etc.).

We generally provide quotes on a monthly basis. Prices fluctuate and will be a function of the services and levelof service required.

Support work, other than issues related directly to hosting the site, is not included in the hosting fees and will be charged for at our normal billing reates for consulting.

Hosting services are provided on a monthly basis and renew each month automatically. Monthly fees are are invoiced prior to rendering service for the month.

We charge for web-site setup and configuration on an hourly basis at our standard rates for consulting work.

ART - Action Request Tracker

ART is a web-based incident tracking system. It is an ideal solution for lowering support costs while providing better service. [ details ]

Minimum Requirements:

- Windows 2000 and higher
- Adobe's ColdFusion MX or higher
- 4 MB of Disk space for installation*
- 8GB of RAM
- IE7 or above
* After installation, hard disk space is a function of the data being tracked.

  Price :   $2,495
Options :
- Allow 'public' users, projects and ARs     + $800


Please contact us for a demonstration.


We provide training in two formats.

  • Tailor-made
  • Standard courseware

Training can be performed on your premises, at our office or in a convenient, rented facility.

Our training is focused on ColdFusion, but includes:

  • Rich Internet Applications
  • HTML, DOM and Javascript
  • basic relational database principles
  • XML processing
  • related Internet technologies (e.g., Ajax)

Our advantage

We are professional systems consultants. We build applications for a living, not as an adjunct to our training practice. We have a vast array of experience building web-based solutions for different businesses, markets, technical environments and of different complexities.

Our training materials were developed by Advanta Solutions principal, Leon Chalnick, a noted authority on ColdFusion and web application development.

Our focus is on providing application developers with the additional tips and insights that you only get through real-world experience.

ART - Action Request Tracker (Details)

This page presents a description of Advanta Solutions LLC's Action Request Tracker (ART), a web based incident tracking and knowledge base system.

Contact and background information

Sales Manager
Advanta Solutions LLC
P.O. Box 215
Palos Verdes Estates, CA 90274

[phone]     310-377-0300
[email]      Contact form

Advanta Solutions' goal is to deliver information technology to its clients through systems architecture and design, custom applications development and technology transfer. We do this by striving to understand our clients' business as well as their technical needs. We also strive to minimize the risk involved with developing and delivering applications to its clients. Our professionals utilize a systems development methodology that has been developed and refined from years of practice in the field. We also bring to the table multi-vendor expertise. This ensures our clients that we will find the technical solution that is most appropriate for their specific situation. In short, our strategy is to deliver real world, proven technology to clients to solve their complex business problems.


ART enables a support group (we’ll refer to them as support engineers) and end users to track action requests (ARs) and status reports pertaining to supported projects (or systems). It enables a group of people involved in a particular project to communicate with each other about a set of action items and their status via an Intranet or over the Internet. While this description closely models a help desk, it can be applied to many other business functions. ARs are typically problem reports, enhancement requests, questions or help requests. Support team members (or support engineers) respond to action requests by investigating the request and filing status reports. Solutions to common problems can be logged and made available for searching as well. The system is intended to be relatively small in focus, but flexible, configurable and powerful.

The Hot List

When you log into ART (there’s an authentication process), you see a "hot list" of the open action requests relating to projects in which you’re a member. A graphical image indicates the priority of each action request item. For example, items with the highest priority appear with a blinking red light. The hot list includes some basic information about each AR:

  • its tracking number
  • who submitted the action request
  • when it was submitted
  • the support engineer handling the AR
  • the type of AR (problem, enhancement or question)
  • the support engineer's classification of the problem
  • the completion date

See Figure 1.

Figure 1—ART's Hot List displays unresolved action requests

You can sort the hot list on any of these fields. Each AR also includes a brief (60 character) description or title. You also see the support engineer's responses to the action request as soon as they’re filed. These are called "status reports". They appear below the action request, sorted in reverse chronological order.

Most data items in the hot list are hot linked to detail information. For example, clicking on the AR priority displays a list of all priorities, indicating the current priority. Clicking on a user’s name displays a list of users with access to the current project. Clicking on the AR (or status report) entry presents a detail page which includes all data to which you have access.

Each AR in the hot list has a button for creating a new status report, if you have rights to create a status report. If an AR has a Solution, the AR entry in the hot list will contain a link to the solution.

Your hot list display is quite configurable. If you support multiple projects, you have the ability to indicate how you want your hot list sorted with respect to your projects. You can also specify that different types of ARs or entire projects are to be filtered out of your hot list display. Several other settings enable you to determine when items should no longer appear in your hot list display. Old/completed items can be reviewed through a flexible search engine discussed later in this document.

Figure 2—Each user specifies her or his hot list preferences

Filing Action Requests

When action requests are filed, an e-mail notification will always be sent to the support person who has been designated as the "main contact" for the project. The AR can be sent to a specific support person as well and you can optionally "cc" every member of the project who has been configured to receive automatic e-mail notifications.

In addition to the fields already described, action requests include:

  • the problem date (as opposed to the date the AR was filed)
  • the name of the user reporting the AR (which may differ from the person filing the AR)
  • a memo field (required) describing the problem in detail
  • a memo field for indicating a specific error message that the user received
  • a memo field indicating the data that was being worked on when a problem occurred
  • a memo field indicating the part of the application (e.g, screen ID, page name, window title) in which the problem occurred
  • a memo field for indicating the activity just prior to the problem’s occurrence
  • a field in which an end user can indicate that he or she approves of the resolution to the AR and considers the AR complete

Status report summaries appear at the bottom of each AR form and if a solution has been created for the AR, it appears below the status report summaries. If you have been given the right to create solutions, you can create a solution entry for the AR right from the AR page. Solutions are typically used to summarize steps involved in solving a problem. They can be used to form a knowledge base of solutions to common problems.

ARs can also be filed by e-mail, using a simple form, provided with instructions. This will be extremely handy for users who prefer not to have to log into a web site and fill out forms.

Filing Status Reports

Support engineers are then responsible for filing status reports against the action requests. They can assign their own classifications to each AR. Each status report is assigned a disposition as well. The dispositions are assigned, like the priorities and classifications, from a list stored in a lookup table. The support team has access to a "private" field in each status report, which only other support team members can see. Eventually, a support person indicates that an action request has been completed. E-mails can be generated whenever status reports are filed, whenever action requests are filed and whenever either of the two is edited.

When an AR is being marked as complete, the support person can easily create a solution entry—the form is right on the same screen with the status report form in addition to its location on the AR form.

Like ARs, status reports can also be filed by e-mail, using a simple form, provided with instructions. This will be extremely handy for users who prefer not to have to log into a web site and fill out forms.

The System Administrator

A system administrator (SA) creates "customer/company" records. For each "customer/company" that you're supporting, the SA can create different "projects". Or, if you prefer, you can simply run everything under one customer/company. The SA also creates user profiles and associates them with various projects in which they become members. The SA has access to all projects and all user profiles and can assign system administrator privileges to other users.

ART also provides for project administrators, who have system administrator-like capabilities, but only within one project. This is intended to enable the system administrator to offload certain administrative tasks to people involved with a specific project. There are no limitations on the number of system administrators or project administrators that you can create.

Figure 3—Modifying a user's profile

Users’ access is limited to the projects in which they are members. (Public users, an exception to this rule, are discussed below.) Included in the typical project are:

  • end users
  • support team members
  • a main support person/contact for a project
  • project manager


User Profiles

In the basic version of the system, every user needs to have a user profile record in order to login and use ART. Technically, there aren't any pre-defined "user types" as we believe most organizations will find this approach too confining and inflexible. You can assign any user a variety of privileges (described further below), and these privileges determine what the user can and can’t do when working on projects managed within ART. This makes ART extremely flexible.

User profile prototypes

If you had to explicitly assign privileges every time you created a new user profile, the system would become rather cumbersome. We have avoided this problem by creating prototypes of the common user profiles. You can use a prototype when building a new user profile and this saves you the effort of having to explicitly assign privileges and other configuration information. Once you’ve created a user profile from a prototype, you have the ability to customize it in any way you see fit.

While we’ve included a few prototypes to get you started, SAs have the ability to modify and remove these prototypes and create their own.

Public Projects, Users and Action Requests

ART includes an optional feature called "Public Users". This feature enables you to create projects that anyone on your network can access—without having a user profile record in advance. This will be ideal if you’re supporting large, enterprise-wide projects that many, many users need access to (e.g., rolling out Windows ’98). When a user who doesn’t have a profile tries to log in, he is prompted to create a basic profile. Once created, he is shown the hot list containing only action requests for projects that have been classified as "public". Actually, he’ll only see action requests (in public projects) that either he personally created, or that have been flagged as public action requests by the project administrator. He can create new action requests in the public projects and he can review any public ARs and status reports in public projects (that were flagged as public or that he created). As with regular projects, only users who have been assigned the privilege are able to respond to public ARs.

User Privileges

Privileges (or rights) are applied either "system wide" or on a project by project basis. System wide privileges include:

  • system administrator status
  • the ability to not have to authenticate each time you enter ART

Project specific privileges indicate:

  • Does the user support the project? Support people get access to certain fields that others do not.
  • Does the user get sent e-mail when a new action request is posted against a project?
  • Is the user the main contact for the project? If so, she or he automatically gets sent e-mail when ARs or status reports are created or edited.
  • Is the user an administrator of the project? This enables him/her to create/maintain other user profiles in the project
  • Can the user create action requests in the project?
  • Can the user review action requests in the project?
  • Can the user respond to problem reports in the project?
  • Can the user edit existing problem reports in the project?
  • Can the user search through old/complete action requests?
  • Can the user approve completion of an action request?
  • Can the user view solutions?
  • Can the user create/modify solutions?

Submitting ARs and Status Reports by e-mail

ART enables users to submit action requests and status reports by using some easy to use e-mail forms. Users are sent a confirmation when their e-mail has been entered into the database. Error messages are sent back if the e-mail they sent was invalid or couldn't be parsed properly. In the e-mail forms, users can indicate whether other people are to get copied on the new entry into the database.

Searching and reporting

There is a flexible searching front end (see Figure 4) that enables you to search on a variety of fields and produce two types of output. Search fields include:

  • one or more projects to which you have access
  • range or action request numbers
  • range or entry dates
  • range of completion dates
  • AR creator
  • one or more support engineers
  • one or all types of ARs, AR priorities or AR classifications
  • free text search on the problem title field, problem description
  • free text search on status report description
  • dispositions of ARs (status reports)
  • status report creator
  • free text search of private notes in status reports
  • free text search of solution descriptions, steps, private notes, keywords
  • solution creator

Figure 4—ART’s searching front-end

Output can be in one of two formats. The hot list display format enables you to link to AR, status report and solution detail. The printout format presents ARs and status reports so that they are suitable for printing.

Statistical reports

ART enables you to build reports that provide a number of basic statistics—like counts. For almost every statistic, ART’s flexible report generator enables you to build cross-tabs against other statistics. For example, you can produce cross-tabs to answer questions like "How many ARs were serviced by individual support person based on the AR’s priority?" and "What is the average duration to complete ARs based on priority and project?" While the mechanisms for building the statistical reports have been completed, we are developing a solution that will provide output for certain statistics in graphical format.


At this time, we anticipate creating an "Install Shield" installation program that will copy all of the ColdFusion scripts to your web server’s hard drive. Customers must already have ColdFusion or must purchase it in addition to ART. A separate configuration utility will be used to configure ART with some basic information such as the names of your POP and SMTP servers (required to support ART’s email functions). We anticipate providing consulting services to assist customers with the installation and configuration of ART. We will be able to provide training services as well.

Technical overview and requirements

ART is a web/data-based action request tracking / help desk system which employs open Internet technologies like SMTP and POP3 to enable users to keep track of and resolve problems and other action requests. It was built using Adobe's ( ColdFusion Application Server v3.1 in the NT 4.0 environment. We currently are running against an MS Access back end using straight ANSI 92 SQL. It can be upgraded to run against any ODBC database (e.g, MS-SQL Server, Oracle, dBase, etc).

ART requires:

  • A fast, "server capable" computer with at least a 200 MHz processor and a minimum of 64MB RAM.
  • A fast hard drive with at least 500MB for ART data (in addition to the space required for your web server, SMTP server, backup software, etc.) is recommended.
  • The ColdFusion Professional Application Server from Macromedia (, release 3.1 or later. The CF Scheduler is only included with the Professional edition. The Scheduler is required to provide the ability to accept action requests and status reports via e-mail.
  • A popular web server supported by ColdFusion:

Minimum Requirements:

- Windows 2000 and higher
- Adobe's ColdFusion MX or higher
- 4 MB of Disk space for installation*
- 8GB of RAM
- IE7 or above
- An SMTP/POP3 server with an account set up for ART.

* After installation, hard disk space is a function of the data being tracked.